Literacy Lecture Series 1.0: “Simple Ways to practice best agronomic practices (case-study of RICE)”

2ND DAY OF LITERACY LECTURE SERIES with Agricultural Literacy held on 12th June 2018.

“Simple Ways to practice best agronomic practices (case-study of RICE)” by Mr. Alagbo Oyebanji.

I will be sharing some slides for tonight’s lecture, yester-night, we were taught on how to invest our funds and I believe by now, you want to think where to invest.

Everybody consumes rice every day and Nigeria still cannot produce what we consume daily. The reason for investment in rice production.

Factors to Consider to Succeed in Rice Farming:

1.      Choice of Land

2.      Land Preparation

3.      Variety of Rice to Plant

4.      Time of Planting

5.      Fertilization Rate and time of application

6.      Weed Control

7.      Pest Control

8.      Harvesting

9.      Threshing

10.  Storage

11.  Rice Processing Value Chain

Questions Asked and Answers Provided.

Question: To start with Sir, I would want you to give a brief introduction to Best Agronomic Practices(BAP) in Agriculture and to a layman, how can I explain BAP when I meet him.

Answer: BAP involves the following operations: Land Preparation; Use of Improved Quality seeds; Effective Weed and pest control methods; Simply put. The goal of BAP is to increase Farmers yield at the end of the day. The input increases farmer's income and all these factors work together to favor increased yield.

Question: I would need you to explain the importance of timing in Agriculture because I have been made to understand the importance of timing but I need you to expatiate more on this sir.

Answer: Every Crop has its favorable time of planting. All agronomic procedures are carried out at the right time otherwise you might be doing the right thing at a very wrong time. For example, when you don't weed at a critical period to control weed. You will definitely experience yield loss at the end of harvest, applying fertilizer in a weedy field leads to poor utilization of nutrient supplied to crop from fertilizer.

Question: In relations to rice production, this implies that if I don't weed at the 3rd week, I may not be practicing best agronomic practices? What if I probably weed at the 4th or 5th week, would it be too late at that time?

Answer: Yes, it will be too late. to cultivate any crop of interest you need to know the agronomic practices involved.

 

FYI: In a rice farm, the means of applying fertilizers is known as broadcasting i.e. you apply fertilizers by spreading across the farm.

Question: Why is it and what do you think is the reason for Nigeria not still been able to have attained food sufficiency in the aspect of Rice?

Answer: Many believe that rice production has a lot of challenge, another problem is non-availability of machineries to ease production

Question: And what are your recommendations to the many challenges that is being experienced?

Answer: To me as a farmer, I also must attest to unavailability of machineries to being a challenge that farmers face, just imagine what farmers have to go through in threshing of there is no thresher available for threshing. working as a cooperative will better improve farmers’ effort to increase production. this way, many potential farmers can have access to funds and other farm input from government or NGOs

Question: What are the differences between upland and lowland rice and which is more cost effective, using machine or manual labour?

Answer: Lowland Rice can also grow inside water logged areas while Upland Rice are grown on land with topography of the normal ground level.

Question: Sir, with the improvements in rice production and processing; using lake rice as an example, and with the attestation to high nutrient value in comparison to what is being imported; what would you say is still standing in the way of Nigerians fully accepting the local rice over imported ones?

Answer: Really, it will take time to circulate our market with local rice. Change is not easy for Nigerians, although we still don't have enough local rice for us to consume and many are getting to understand value to of our rice gradually.

Question: How can I invest into Rice Production without having to farm?

Answer: One more of ways to invest in rice value chain is to purchase local rice with stones in the market, destones, package and sell quality rice product to consumers. This way it attracts better price

Question: Based on yesterday's topic "investment", what are the investment opportunities in rice farming and how can a person just invest in the machinery alone and can a platform be provide from this group whereby investors can come together to invest in this sector?

Answer: Yes, you can invest in machineries and lease to farmers. Presently our farmers are in need of machineries for their field operation and yes you can come together as a group to get these machineries available to our local farmers. I will be willing to guide you on how to go about it.

Question: Please I want to ask if all the machineries involved in rice farming and production are available in Nigeria

Answer: Threshing machine, Harvesters, De-stoners, Milling Machines…etc. They are not all available in Nigeria but you can order for them from abroad or have them locally fabricated for you.